Essential Health Info

Causes of High Blood Pressure and How to Combat It

Causes of High Blood Pressure and How to Combat It

The high blood pressure menace has become one of the most common ailments in the twenty-first century. High blood pressure occurs when the blood exerts above normal pressure to the walls of the blood vessel. This poses a tone of health issues if they do not regulate the condition. Most people all over the world live with the disease even though they have not yet tested. Below is everything you need to know about hypertension.

Major Causes

The medical society categorized hypertension into two classes;

Primary Hypertension

This is a type of high blood pressure that develops without a known or identifiable cause. Many adults, especially in the U.S., develop this kind of hypertension. Various factors cause the ailments. They include:

  • Environment, the environment plays a massive role in the development of habits and lifestyles. Influence on the diet is the most common whereby particular food leads to primary hypertension.
  • Body change, as one grows, various physical and chemical changes occur, some leading to hypertension.
  • Genetics, some people develop hypertension merely by inheriting the genes from their parents or mutation.

Secondary hypertension

This type of hypertension is more severe and develops more quickly compared to primary hypertension. Some factors said to influence this type of high blood pressure are as follows.

  • Endocrine tumors
  • alcohol abuse
  • kidney diseases
  • thyroid complication
  • adrenal gland complications
  • use of illegal drugs
  • heart diseases

Signs and Symptoms of Hypertension

One of the most efficient ways to learn about your hypertension condition is by regularly visiting a physician for blood pressure readings. Most hypertension symptoms do not occur to many people, thus advising on regular visits to a doctor. Waiting for symptoms to occur is a risky move whereby most end up being fatal. Below are some of the most common signs and symptoms of hypertension;

  • chest pains
  • blood in urine
  • nose bleeding
  • visual changes
  • shortness of breath
  • flushing
  • dizziness

A healthy person’s blood pressure ranges between 120 systolic reading and 80 diastolic reading.


Physicians often consider the cause of a patient’s hypertension, the type of hypertension diagnosed, and the patient’s underlying health issues. The primary hypertension treatment is usually advisable to a lifestyle change though sometimes doctors opt to administer medication. On the other hand, the secondary treatment option requires a more detailed background study of the underlying issues causing the ailment. Doctors first consider treating the underlying cause, though, in some people, the hypertension trends persistently calling for prescriptions to reduce the high blood pressure and a lifestyle change routine.

Medication for Hypertension

Most people often experience failures in their drug and often consider combining medicines that correctly treat their hypertension. Here are some prescriptions used in the treatment of hypertension;

  • alpha two agonist
  • ace inhibitors
  • calcium channel blockers
  • diuretics
  • angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • beta-blockers

some home remedies include;

  • managing stress
  • physical activities
  • a cleaner lifestyle and environment
  • a healthy diet
  • managing one’s weight

Leave a Comment